In several European languages, the term “Gymnasium” refers to a secondary school that prepares pupils for university study.
It’s analogous to the British English terms “academy” for 11-16-year-olds and “sixth form college” for 17 and above, as well as “preparatory high school” in the US English-speaking world.
Many European nations’ educational systems used the gymnasium system before the twentieth century.
First used in Ancient Greece, the term v (gumnásion), which translates as “naked” or “nude,” refers to a facility where young men are educated both physically and intellectually.
While the second meaning of “gym,” which refers to a physical education facility, has persisted in several European languages (including the Nordic languages and the English and Spanish dialects), the first meaning of “gym,” which refers to a place for physical education, has remained in a colloquial, abbreviated form.
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At least since the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century, the term “gymnasium” has been used in Central European, Nordic, Benelux, and Baltic nations to refer to a secondary school that prepares students for university study.
“Gymnasium” is a Greek word that refers to a gymnasium in ancient Athens, where athletes would practice their skills.
To describe an institution of learning, a place where professors congregated during the hours dedicated to physical exercise or sports became known as a “gym.”
When the Renaissance began in Italy in the 14th century, the name was resurrected and spread to the Netherlands and Germany in the 15th century.
Johannes Sturm established a school in Strasbourg in 1538 that would influence the contemporary German gymnasium.
It was required that all schools with authority send their pupils to university be named “gymnasium” by Prussian decree in 1812.
Almost the whole Austrian-Hungarian, German, and Russian Empires had adopted this technique by the turn of the 20th century.
Gymnasiums may be found in many nations originally part of these three empires in the current world.
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What is gymnasium in school?
Gymnasiums are designed to help students prepare for university education. Hence they are geared toward students between the ages of 10 and 13.
Latin and Ancient Greek are common electives for students at a gymnasium, in addition to the standard curriculum.
While some gymnasiums provide comprehensive education, others specialize. As a result, this varies from nation to nation.
There are four traditional divisions, which include:
- Anthropology (specializing in classical languages, such as Latin and Greek)
- The use of contemporary languages (students are required to study at least three languages)
- Physics and maths
- In addition to economics and social sciences (students are required to study economics, world history, social studies, or business informatics)
Literature, mathematics, informatics, physics, chemistry, biology, geography, art (as well as crafts and design), music, history, philosophy, civics/citizenship, social sciences, and several foreign languages are commonly included in the curricula of most schools.
Even at non-denominational schools, which are common, physical education and religion or ethics are required, even if the institution is non-denominational.
Religious or morals studies are required, but the German constitution preserves the separation of church and state. Thus students are free to study a particular religion or none at all.
More and more schools now offer specialized programs, such as business, technology, or home science.
There is a concept of the gymnasium in various countries that equates the gymnasium’s initial courses with the right to continue education at a gymnasium in some countries.
The prefix pro- is analogous to the prefix pre-, signifying that this curriculum is in addition to the standard gymnasium curriculum.
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What is Gymnasium in Germany
State-maintained secondary schools in Germany that educate students for further academic education are known as Gymnasium.
Strassburg was the birthplace of the nine-year school in 1537. A student may leave school at the age of 16 and enroll in a vocational school, even though the typical age of graduation is 19 or 20.
According to the curriculum, the Gymnasium in Germany is divided into three major types: classical, contemporary (Realgymnasium), and mathematical and scientific (Oberschule), which contain Latin and two modern languages; the last two are optional.
Secondary or post-primary education is also provided via the senior divisions of elementary schools, middle schools (Mittelschulen), teacher training programs, commercial schools, and senior females’ colleges.
Is gymnasium same as gym?
A covered sports venue and a gymnasium also go by the name of a gym. “Gymnasium” is an ancient Greek word for a gymnasium.
Athletic and fitness facilities, as well as educational organizations, are typical locations for these areas. In addition to “gym,” “fitness center” is also slang for “indoor leisure facility.”
“Gym” may refer to both indoor and outdoor locations. There are many gyms (or gymnasia, plural) in Western nations that provide indoor or outdoor courts for basketball, hockey, and other sports, and equipment and devices used for physical development training or to undertake exercises, such as treadmills and weights.
There are several European nations where the term “Gymnasium” (and derivatives of the word) may refer to an elementary or secondary school that prepares pupils for a university degree, whether or not there are sporting courts, fields, or equipment there.
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